As we grow, it is essential to learn to take care of our body. In particular, to reduce blood pressure levels, to prevent heart and brain diseases. Hypertension is a serious problem, which affects the lives of many. Through knowing everything about it, it is possible to prevent it. In today’s article, you will learn what exactly blood pressure is.
Definition of blood pressure
Blood pressure refers to the force of blood pumping against the arterial walls of the human body. With regular medical exams and using a blood pressure watch, it is possible to monitor your blood pressure effectively. Based on the results of each test, you will need to make adjustments to your daily routine in order to achieve normal reading levels.
It is often recommended that people over the age of 18 have regular tests, to monitor their physical health. The measurement results are divided into 2 numbers, which refer to the systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Normal levels are considered to be 120/80 or less. If the reading shows numbers above average, you need to go to a doctor’s appointment.
How to control or reduce blood pressure levels?
Although anyone can have high blood pressure, there are certain groups that are more likely to suffer from hypertension. Among them are the following.
- People over 40 years old.
- Men under 55 years of age.
- Women with menopause.
- Those with a history of high blood pressure in their family.
- People of African American race.
However, you can still suffer from hypertension if you do not belong to any of the groups mentioned. Over time, the arteries harden and cause the pressure to be higher. For that reason, it is recommended to follow the following tips, to control and reduce blood pressure levels.
- Maintain a weight appropriate to your physical build. Those with obesity are prone to hypertension.
- Exercise every day, vigorously or moderately. At least for 30 minutes.
- Have a healthy diet. You have to consume fruits, vegetables, grains and dairy products that are low in fat.
- Reduce salt intake in processed foods.
- Avoid drinking alcohol on a regular basis.
- Give up smoking.
- Maintain a healthy nighttime sleep cycle.
- Control stress on a daily basis.
Risks of high blood pressure
There are many problems associated with having a high blood pressure level, either frequently or sporadically. A person with hypertension is at risk for the following health problems.
- Heart attack.
- Heart failure.
- Renal insufficiency.
In the worst case scenario, a person with high blood pressure levels can lose their life. This can happen suddenly, since symptoms don’t show up until it’s too late.
Because of this, it is essential to follow the recommendations of the doctor and make the changes mentioned above. In this way, you can lead a healthy life, regardless of whether you suffer from hypertension.
With the passage of time and medical advances, these high blood pressure problems are becoming easier to manage. But, it is important that you follow all the instructions to the letter.